With the coast line of more than 3260 km, Vietnam have great potential to develop sea ports. Vietnam Biggest ports are from the North to the South with particular advantages.
According to regions: Vietnam seaport system is divided into 6 groups:
- Group 1: Northern seaport group from Quang Ninh to Ninh Binh
- Group 2: Northern Central seaport group from Thanh Hoa to Ha Tinh
- Group 3: Middle Central seaport from Quang Binh to Quang Ngai
- Group 4: Southern Central seaport group from Binh Dinh to Ninh Thuan
- Group 5: Eastern South Seaport group including Con Dao and Ports on Soai Rap river, Tien Giang
- Group 6: Mekong Delta seaport group including Phu Quoc and Eastern south islands
According to function and duty, there are:
- National general ports:
Class IA: International transshipment and gateway ports: Van Phong (Khanh Hoa – under construction); Hai Phong (Lach Huyen) and Ba Ria – Vung Tau
IA ports are for container vessel 4.000 – 8.000 TEU (equivalent 50,000 – 100,000 tons) can receive vessel up to 160,000 – 180,000 tons
In which Van Phong International Transshipment terminal for container vessels of 9,000 – 15,000 TEU
Class I: Regional hub ports: Hon Gai – Quang Ninh, Nghi Son – Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Son Duong, Vung Ang – Ha Tinh, Dung Quat – Quang Ngai, Quy Nhon – Binh Dinh, Ba Ngoi – Khanh Hoa, Ho Chi Minh, Dong Nai and Can Tho
Can receive vessel from 10,000 to 50,000 tons, is the connection for local area, import – export for international cargo of middle and close sea, are satellite ports for IA ports
- Class II: Local ports
can receive vessel up to 10,000 tons, which are satellite ports for ports of class IA and I
- Class 3: Dedicated ports
Hai Phong seaport
Hai Phong is an International transshipment and gateway port which has the largest flow of goods in northern Vietnam with modern facilities and synchronised infrastructure according to international trade.
Ba Ria – Vung Tau
International gate way Vung Tau seaport is the largest one in the south-eastern region of Vietnam.
Vung Tau seaport includes four wharf areas namely Cai Mep, Sao Mai, Ben Dinh wharf area, Phu My, My Xuan wharf area, Song Dinh area and Ben Dam, Con Dao area.
Van Phong port in Van Phong Bay in the central province of Khanh Hoa is Vietnam’s largest international transshipment port.
Quy Nhon port is located in Quy Nhon Bay in Phuong Mai peninsula. It can receive between 30,000 DWT and 50,000 DWT ships. The port is the gateway to the East Sea in the south central region, the Central Highlands and nations in the Mekong River basin. It is situated close to the international sea route and is very convenient
Quang Ninh port is a deep-water seaport that is located in the northern key economic region. The waterway system is connected to neighbouring economic zones, which has facilitated Quang Ninh port’s development and expansion over the years.
Ho Chi Minh port
Ho Chi Minh (Sai Gon) seaport is a system of ports in HCM City including Tan Cang Cat Lai, Cai Mep and Hiep Phuong. It is the gateway of the southern region for transshipment and import-export activities.
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