With the coast line of more than 3260 km, Vietnam have great potential to develop sea ports. Vietnam Biggest ports are from the North to the South with particular advantages.
According to regions: Vietnam seaport system is divided into 6 groups:
- Group 1: Northern seaport group from Quang Ninh to Ninh Binh
- Group 2: Northern Central seaport group from Thanh Hoa to Ha Tinh
- Group 3: Middle Central seaport from Quang Binh to Quang Ngai
- Group 4: Southern Central seaport group from Binh Dinh to Ninh Thuan
- Group 5: Eastern South Seaport group including Con Dao and Ports on Soai Rap river, Tien Giang
- Group 6: Mekong Delta seaport group including Phu Quoc and Eastern south islands
According to function and duty, there are:
National general ports:
Class IA: International transshipment and gateway ports: Van Phong (Khanh Hoa – under construction); Hai Phong (Lach Huyen) and Ba Ria – Vung Tau
IA ports are for container vessel 4.000 – 8.000 TEU (equivalent 50,000 – 100,000 tons) can receive vessel up to 160,000 – 180,000 tons
In which Van Phong International Transshipment terminal for container vessels of 9,000 – 15,000 TEU
Class I: Regional hub ports: Hon Gai – Quang Ninh, Nghi Son – Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Son Duong, Vung Ang – Ha Tinh, Dung Quat – Quang Ngai, Quy Nhon – Binh Dinh, Ba Ngoi – Khanh Hoa, Ho Chi Minh, Dong Nai and Can Tho
Can receive vessel from 10,000 to 50,000 tons, is the connection for local area, import – export for international cargo of middle and close sea, are satellite ports for IA ports
- Class II: Local ports
can receive vessel up to 10,000 tons, which are satellite ports for ports of class IA and I
- Class 3: Dedicated ports
Hai Phong seaport
Hai Phong is an International trans shipment and gateway port which has the largest flow of goods in northern Vietnam with modern facilities and synchronised infrastructure according to international trade.
This seaport has the largest traffic volume in the North, the port crane here is 2,567m long, 52,052m2 of warehouse area and can handle about 10 million tons of cargo annually.
As the seaport with the largest traffic volume in the North of Vietnam, Hai Phong port is capable of receiving about 10 million tons / year, of which, Hoang Dieu Port branch accounts for nearly 60% of the loading and unloading cargo. At the same time, the largest vessel can receive 40,000 DWT at Lan Ha transshipment area and the lowest with 700 DWT at Bach Dang wharf.
Ba Ria – Vung Tau
International gate way Vung Tau seaport is the largest one in the south-eastern region of Vietnam.
Vung Tau seaport includes four wharf areas namely Cai Mep, Sao Mai, Ben Dinh wharf area, Phu My, My Xuan wharf area, Song Dinh area and Ben Dam, Con Dao area.
Van Phong port in Van Phong Bay in the central province of Khanh Hoa is Vietnam’s largest international trans shipment port.
Van Phong port consists of two berths: My Giang port area is located in the south of Van Phong Bay: specialized for oil and petroleum products. The capacity to receive liquid cargo ships of up to 350,000 DWT and is expected to be 400,000 DWT by 2020.
Quy Nhon port is located in Quy Nhon Bay in Phuong Mai peninsula. It can receive between 30,000 DWT and 50,000 DWT ships. The port is the gateway to the East Sea in the south central region, the Central Highlands and nations in the Mekong River basin. It is situated close to the international sea route and is very convenient.
The port has a total surface area of 306,568m2; total warehouse area accounts for 30,732m2 with CFS warehouse 1,971m2; 201,000m2 of yard area with container yard accounts for 48,000 m2.
Quang Ninh port is a deep-water seaport that is located in the northern key economic region. The waterway system is connected to neighbouring economic zones, which has facilitated Quang Ninh port’s development and expansion over the years.
The port has a total surface area of 154,700m2; total warehouse reaches 5400m2 and container yard up to 49000m2.
Ho Chi Minh port
Ho Chi Minh (Sai Gon) seaport is a system of ports in HCM City including Tan Cang Cat Lai, Cai Mep and Hiep Phuong. It is the gateway of the southern region for trans shipment and import-export activities.
Da Nang Port
Da Nang port also belongs to a group of general ports, a hub of the whole country. Da Nang port has three berth areas: Tien Sa – Son Tra, Lien Chieu and Tho Quang, of which, Tien Sa – Son Tra port is the main berth with a total yard area of 178.603m2 and 14.285m2 for the total area. warehouse.
In addition to being the main gateway to the East Sea, Da Nang Port is also chosen as the final destination in the East-West Economic Corridor, connecting 4 countries in the region: Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam.
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